American scientists have found that daily consumption of sugary drinks is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease among women by 19 percent. To do this, scientists analyzed data on the lives and health of more than 100 thousand California teachers: those who drank at least one sugary drink a day are also more often in need of revascularization, and they often have diagnosed a stroke. Article published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
Excess glucose in the body negatively affects health in the first place — increasing the risk of obesity, diabetes and other metabolic disorders. That’s why doctors suggest to carefully monitor the consumption of sugar and sweetened drinks, as they of glucose is quite high, even despite the small volume.
In addition to metabolic disorders, the consumption of sugary drinks is associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. We consider this relationship more decided by scientists under the leadership of Cheryl Anderson (Cheryl Anderson) University of California, San Diego. They focused on women’s health and took to analyze data from large-scale long-term study of the life of the California teachers: was all available information about 106178 women.
None of the participants at the beginning of the study in 1995 were not diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. In addition to information about health and lifestyle, and demographic data, women spoke about their daily diet. From data on nutrition, researchers took information on how often participants drink sweet soft drinks, including soda, bottled water and iced teas with added sugar, and sweetened fruit juices (100% juice without sugar, made from concentrate, have not been analyzed).
In 20 years of observations were registered 8848 cardiovascular diseases. After analyzing the data, researchers found that those who drank at least one sugary drink a day, the risk of disease was 19 percent higher compared to those who consumed these drinks less frequently. In particular, they have 21 percent more frequently had a stroke, and they are 26 percent more likely in need of revascularization — surgical or drug-induced restoration of blood flow. Among women who consumed at least one sugary fruit drink per day, cardiovascular diseases were found in 42 percent more often, and among those who drank at least one caloric soft drink per day (for example, “Coca-Cola”) — often by 23 percent (again, compared with those who never drank sugary drinks or drink them rarely).
The researchers concluded that fans of sugary drinks may be at risk of developing cardiovascular disease. The authors also noted that the refusal of such beverages may be feasible and necessary change of diet to reduce morbidity.
It is believed that replacing sugary drinks for analogs with artificial sweeteners can help to reduce the risk of disease, but, as shown by scientists on a sample of 450 Europeans, not so: the consumption of beverages with sugar substitutes may increase the risk of death from cardiovascular disease.