The European project NELIOTA two years was able to register more than one hundred falls of small meteorites on the moon. This allows you to accumulate statistics on the frequency of such events, the mass and size of meteorites, as well as to estimate the rate of fall of such objects on the Ground, reported on the website of the European space Agency.
The earth is constantly bombarded by fragments of comets and asteroids. Most of them completely burn up in the atmosphere, but some objects, especially those whose diameter is several meters or more, can reach the surface of the planet. It is the body that reach the surface is called a meteorite.
The project NELIOTA (Near-Earth object Impacts Lunar and Optical TrAnsients) was launched in February 2015 at the National Observatory of Athens with the assistance and funding from the European space Agency. A monitoring campaign that is conducted on a 1.2-meter modernized telescope at the Observatory of Kryoneri in Greece, with two high-speed cameras, was launched in March 2017. The aim of the project — tracking flares on the visible side of the moon when it is not illuminated by the Sun and their temperature that allows you to accumulate statistics on the frequency, mass and size of the meteorites falling on the moon, and to estimate the rate of fall of such objects on the Ground.
March 1, 2020 telescope NELIOTA recorded one hundredth the fall of the meteorite on the moon, thus, this outbreak was detected and in the Observatory SLIO (Sharjah Lunar Impact Observatory), which is the first such case. At the beginning of April 2020 project 150,4 hours observing time has been able to accumulate terabytes of 118.4 pictures and register 104 flash on the moon. The mass of meteorites that produced them, ranging from fractions of a gram to several kilograms, and dimensions from one to several tens of centimeters.