Booster H-IIA with Emirati interplanetary station Al Amal successfully launched from the Japanese spaceport Tanegashima. The first Martian research spacecraft, developed country in the Arab world, went to the red planet. Stream run was conducted on the official website of the mission.
Automatic interplanetary station Al Amal (“Hope”) was created in 2014 in the framework of Emirates Mars Missionconducted by the United Arab Emirates, the objectives of which are to promote the scientific and technical potential of the country and the extension of human knowledge about the atmosphere of Mars. The device was developed by the Space center Mohammed bin Rashid al Maktoum in cooperation with the University of Colorado at boulder, the University of Arizona and the University of California at Berkeley and became the first Martian research staff of the UAE and the Arab world.
“Hope” has a mass of 1,350 kilograms, including fuel. The station is equipped with two solar panels with a total capacity of 1800 watts, which are responsible for charging the battery, the parabolic 1.5-meter antenna with high gain, antennas with low gain, and six engines. The orientation system of the apparatus includes star sensors, flywheels and eight small thruster engines.
Scientific goals for the station will be studying the lower atmosphere of Mars, in particular, the distribution in it of temperature, dust, water vapor and ice crystals, the study of the dynamics of heat flows in the atmosphere depending on the time of year, as well as the influence of climate on the rate of loss of the upper layers of the atmosphere of the red planet hydrogen and oxygen. For the implementation of the scientific program “the Hope” is equipped with a set of three instruments: UV spectrograph EMUS, EXI multispectral camera and an infrared spectrometer EMIRS.