Forest fires in Siberia in June 2020 broke the record 2019 in carbon dioxide emissions, and the tundra is about 50 kilometres South of the Arctic ocean recorded the North fire in the history of observations. According to experts in the field of climatology and wildfires that have given comments to the portal Gizmodo, this abnormal situation can be normal in the future, if not to take additional conservation measures.
In Siberia is not less than 30% of then forests is more than 273 million hectares. Taiga ecosystems play a crucial role in the global climate system, absorbing carbon from the atmosphere and permanently removing it from the biogeochemical cycle. In recent years, these areas are exposed to the destructive fires: only in 2019 burned more than 13 million hectares of forest. In 2020, the fires in Siberia began in April and do not stop until now due to the abnormally hot weather.
Mark Parrington (Mark Parrington), senior researcher of the European centre for medium-range weather forecasts, wrote on Twitter that in June climatologists recorded historical record of carbon emissions from the forests of Siberia. Due to forest fires, the atmosphere has received about 59 megatons of carbon dioxide — more than in the same period of 2019, which was characterized by abundant fires, and approximately equivalent to the annual emissions from the territory of Portugal. According to Parrington, and increased frequency of fires and increase their duration beyond the Arctic circle was observed as early 2015, but in 2019 and 2020, this is especially evident.