Satisfaction with romantic relationships approximately 45 percent is due to the way a person evaluates different aspects of them, and 21 percent of its individual characteristics. It found a team of scientists from Canada, USA, Europe and other countries: in the framework of the joint project, they analyzed the factors that affect the satisfaction with the relationships, 86 long-term researches in which took part more than 11 thousand pairs. Among the most significant factors was the evaluation of how the partner involved in the relationship, and the number of quarrels, as well as satisfaction with their own lives and formed a type of social attachment, write the scientists in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
In addition to the traditional factors of a healthy lifestyle (we are talking about food, sports and lack of bad habits), the scientists also noted the effect on health and lifespan interpersonal communication, including romantic relationships. Research has shown that married older people are physically stronger than their single peers, and residents of some countries are married are happierthan outside it.
Of course, the presence of a romantic relationship per se is not the determining factor; to achieve any positive effect relations should be of high quality. Quality is, however, rather difficult to determine, largely because of its subjectivity for each pair. However, scientists are still trying to identify some statistically significant indicators of a healthy relationship within individual populations: in addition to traditional factors, like character traits, family history and views on religion and the family on the development of relations can be affected by non-obvious factors like the presence of selfies in social networks.
Most studies that focus on the factors that influence the quality of romantic relationships, however, are often limited either by the number of participants, or the study period. To summarize all the available data, however, you still need — and a team of scientists from 29 laboratories from different countries, led by Samantha Joel (Samantha Joel) from the University of Western Ontario decided to do it using meta-analysis.
For the project scientists selected studies in which participants evaluated the quality of their romantic relationships at least twice (with a minimum sampling interval of two months). The factors considered in the studies might be different, but the rating for each indicator in both dispensations was to provide both partners in each of the pairs. Only the researchers selected the 86 studies that included data from 43 of datasets: they 11196 pairs provided information on 2413 different indicators in total.
Satisfaction with romantic relationships was used as the dependent variable, and all other indicators as independent variables. They were divided into several groups with respect to each participant: the assessment itself, the assessment of partner self-assessment relationship and evaluation of the relationship partner. The task of scientists was to determine which independent variables most effectively predict satisfaction with the relationship in the first measurement and the second measurement, and the change in satisfaction between the two time periods.
Each dataset analyzed separately using the algorithm random forestthat allows separately to evaluate the impact of each independent variable on the dependent and to determine not only how the dependent variable is generally possible to predict, but also what factors (those independent variables) allow to predict its best. As a by-variables, the researchers also took into account 12 factors, including the average age of participants in the sample, the time interval between two measurements, country, marital status of participants and others.
The analysis showed that individual characteristics (e.g. traits) and his personal view of the relationship and the partner effect on satisfaction with the relationship is much stronger than the same indicators, but partnership is about two to four times. Thus, in the first time span of the evaluation factors relations person explained 45 percent of the differences in satisfaction, and the second time period — 18 (individual characteristics such as traits, explaining 21% and 12% differences, respectively).
The most significant individual factors were satisfaction with life, the predominance of negative emotions, depression, and the type of attachment, especially anxious or avoidant. In turn, the most significant factors of evaluation relations have been the obligations of a partner (as far as it is involved in a relationship and loyal to them), satisfaction of sexual life, the ability to appreciate a partner, assessing whether the partner is satisfied with the relationship, and the presence of quarrels.
In other words, the extent to which people are satisfied with their romantic relationships, for the most part is determined by how it evaluates these relations, and secondly, his individual characteristics. The authors concluded that the quality of a romantic relationship in fact is determined by many different factors, but some of them may be more important than others: for example, people with an unhealthy attachment to others can still be satisfied with their romantic relationships in that case, if his partner, for example, relationships betrayed, and fights them a little.
However, as simple as it is to determine a good romantic relationship with the help of statistics, to join them can be tricky. In favor of this hypothesis say two studies conducted by European scientists in the last year: according to the first, people actually have a certain type of partner, but the results of the second claim that new relationships go according to the script old. However, it is worth considering that in fact, and in another study used the same sample of Germans, and romantic experiences were analysed within the last two relations.