Archaeologists Novodevichy expedition discovered the remains of the fortifications of the Novodevichy convent during the reign of Boris Godunov. Findings allow us to understand how different the monastery during perestroika in the late XVII century by the Princess Sophia. Preliminary information about the excavations is reported in the press release of the Institute of archaeology RAS.
Novodevichy Bogoroditse-Smolensky monastery was founded on 13 may 1524 by Grand Prince Vasili III in commemoration of the annexation of Smolensk in 1514. It is also the base associated with the desire of Vasilii III to divorce his wife, Grand Duchess Solomonia Saburova, who died in 1542 in Suzdal. She never got into the convent, but it started the history of the monastery as a place of forced tonsure, representatives of the Royal and noble families.
During the Polish-Lithuanian occupation of Moscow in 1610-1612 years the monastery was several times destroyed. Its restoration started in 1613, after the accession of Mikhail Romanov, and by the middle of XVII century the monastery was completely cleaned and restored. In 1689, after the Streltsy uprising on the orders of Peter I the monastery was sharpened by his sister Princess Sophia. It is on its means and begin a large-scale restructuring of the Novodevichy convent. When it was delivered new towers and richly decorated walls with battlements, built the refectory with the assumption Church, Transfiguration and of the intercession of the gate of the Church. After the rebuilding of the monastery has changed and new discoveries help archaeologists to understand how he looked like before.
In the course of excavations in the summer of 2020 on-site in the Southeast corner of the Novodevichy convent, in South wards, archaeologists under the leadership of Leonid Belyaev found a section of wall, built of the same bricks as the walls of the Smolensk fortress. He also included a fragment of a corner tower, which was dismantled during the reign of the Princess Sophia for the construction of new walls.