The world health organization published a report on monitoring the elimination of African trypanosomiasis for 2017-2018. According to new data, the progress in the fight against this tropical disease exceed expectations: in 2018, the anticipated reduction of up to 3000 cases of the disease, the real number of cases amounted to 977 people. By 2030, the who expects to achieve a zero infection rate if the current rate of decline incidence. A report published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.
Human African trypanosomiasis, known as sleeping sickness, transmitted anthropozoonoses parasitic disease caused protozoan Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (chronic) and Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense (the acute form), which develop severe lesions of the Central nervous system. Trypanosoma tolerate the tsetse fly, and hoofed animals, particularly the antelope, are considered the natural reservoir of infection. The disease is endemic to Central Africa, therefore in these regions the work of the national programme for the fight against sleeping sickness, with the support of who. These programs are considered the main engines to eliminate the disease, as they suggest the introduction of universal diagnosis of infection, the sanitary oversight of the risk groups and the development of new approaches to the treatment of sleeping sickness. By the way, about the basic techniques of elimination and its pitfalls can be found in our article.
A group of researchers from the Department of control of neglected tropical diseases who, under the leadership of Jose Franco (Jose R. Franco) used two main indicators for epidemiological assessment of carotid disease: number of cases per year and area of risk (five years in this area occurred ≥ 1 case per 10,000 people per year). All elimination events aimed at reducing these figures. Also examines the geographical spread of the disease, risk groups, sanitation and Supervisory activities. By 2020, the who planned to reduce the absolute number of cases to 2000 cases per year, but now we see that the incidence will be below the predicted values.