Agency defense advanced development of the Pentagon (DARPA) and specialists of the Research Department of the U.S. Navy soon will start the development of a new tactical carrier-based unmanned aircraft capable of taking off and landing on the deck of a practical than any ship in the fleet. As written by Aviation Week, new devices will have to replace the ScanEagle reconnaissance drones launched using a pneumatic catapult and arresting gear require special to complete the flight.
Following the development of a new UAV, the military expect to get a device weighing up to 90.7 — 136 kilograms, capable of carrying a payload weighing up to 27 kilograms. The drone has to be capable of vertical takeoff and landing, but its cruising flight must be in airplane mode. With this military and expect to get rid of the catapults and arresting gear. New devices will be able, among other things, to fly between ships and between ship and shore.
What companies will be invited to participate in the project, is still unknown.
In the middle of last year, the Army and the U.S. Navy have conducted the trials of the advanced reconnaissance drone V-Bat company MartinUAV. This unit can launch from the deck of almost any boat. The device is made according to the scheme “tailsitter”. So called aircraft aircraft type, capable of vertical take-off and landing on the tail. After takeoff, such a device is able to move in the normal horizontal flight on an aircraft.
V-Bat is capable of speeds up to 90 knots (166 kilometres per hour), perform long flights at speeds of 45 knots and climb to a height of 4.5 thousand meters. The device can stay aloft for up to 8 hours and carry a payload weighing up to 3.6 kg: multispectral sensors, the system of electronic reconnaissance and anti-radar or system relay signals. For takeoff and landing of the UAV requires a ground area of 2,7 square meters.