The UK authorities announced their intention to switch to carbon-neutral aviation to 2050. As written by Aviation Week, July 22, the first meeting of the British government’s working group, which will support projects of aircraft with zero net carbon emissions. First, the authorities intend to initiate a development project, long-haul, carbon-neutral passenger liner.
Currently, recommendations of the International civil aviation organization (IATA). The airline, accepted the recommendations, need to maintain the level of carbon dioxide emissions are not above the level of 2020. In addition, carriers by 2050 we need to reduce the emissions of harmful substances, including carbon dioxide, by 50 percent compared with 2005 levels. With this, some airlines have already declared that intend to become carbon-neutral by 2050. In particular, at the end of last year announced the Australian airline Qantas.
The British working group called Jet Zero Council. Its membership includes representatives Ministers transport, energy and industry, and airlines EasyJet, Virgin Atlantic Airways and TUI Group, the airport “Heathrow”, group of companies, Manchester Airport Group, manufacturer of alternative fuels Velocys, a developer of hydrogen fuel systems ZeroAvia and the University of Cranfield. In the near future, the working group intends to define basic goals, objectives, and technology program transition to carbon-neutral aviation.
Currently, the University of Cranfield in the consortium with the Technical University of Chalmers, the Safran company and London Heathrow airport is developing a hydrogen-powered long-haul passenger aircraft Enable H2 from tanks for liquid hydrogen. The project examines several schemes for the aircraft, including the “flying wing” airplane and a traditional scheme with an upper location of the fuel tank. The demonstrator aircraft is planned to create by 2030.
From 2019, the UK is the development of the project Fresson. In composition of the consortium Cranfield Aerospace Solutions take part of the company’s Britten-Norman, Rolls-Royce, the Denis Ferranti Group, Delta Motorsport and Warwick Manufacturing Group. The project will be implemented in two stages. The first phase of 2.5 years involves the creation of hybrid flight models of the aircraft as close to the production version, and to conduct their tests. In the second phase, lasting from six months to a year, the developers plan to certify the aircraft.