The Israeli Wolf Foundation

named winners of the award for the year 2020. Authoritative awards in mathematics, which

considered one of the three most prestigious in the field, was awarded to the British

Simon Donaldson and born in the USSR, but working the last 30 years in the United States,

James Eliasberg. Scientists were awarded “for their contribution to differential geometry

and the topology,” says the Foundation website.

The wolf prize is a series of

awards for scientists and artists, which is awarded almost every year since 1978. The prize is awarded in six categories: mathematics,

physics, chemistry, medicine, agriculture and art (architecture, music,

painting and sculpture). The award consists of a diploma and monetary reward in

one hundred thousand dollars. In 2018, the award presented to the creators of quantum cryptography, and molecular frameworks.

Research wolf prize

highly regarded in the research community: award on agriculture

called the analogue of the Nobel prize for this discipline in chemistry and physics —

the second largest in the world, in medicine the Nobel prize and prize

Lasker. The credibility of the awards, in particular, due to the fact that many winners

wolf prize subsequently became Nobel Laureates, sometimes

even for next year.

The wolf prize in

mathematics until 2001 was considered the closest analogue to the Nobel prize, as

more authoritative the fields medal is awarded every four years and only scientist to

40. In 2001 was established the Abel prize, which is also highly valued

the scientific community. These three awards are the most prestigious in the region

mathematics.

This year’s winners at

math has become Simon Donaldson (Simon Donaldson) and James Eliasberg (Yakov

Eliashberg) for work on differential geometry and topology. Eliashberg marked

as one of the founders of symplectic and contact topology, which

appeared as mathematical tools for the qualitative solution of the task

classical mechanics and are still related to modern physics. Donaldson is known

work on a smooth four-dimensional manifolds and the theory of Donaldson — Thomas

on invariants of Calabi — Yau.

Eliashberg was born in 1946 in Leningrad and graduated from the

Leningrad University in 1972. Since 1988 living in the United States, where

holds the position of Professor at Stanford University. His work has been

had several other mathematical awards. Donaldson was born in 1957

he completed his studies at Cambridge in 1979. Currently he is a Professor

Of stony brook University and Imperial College London.

Other winners this year

are: Caroline Dean (Caroline Dean) on agriculture for the study of flowering time and epigeneticheskogo control of vernalization, Allan MacDonald (Allan

H. MacDonald), Pablo Jarillo-Herrero (Pablo Jarillo-Herrero) and Bistricer Rafi (Rafi

Bistritzer) in physics for studies of bilayer graphene, Emmanuelle Charpentier (Emanuelle Charpentier) and Jennifer

Doudna (Jennifer Doudna) in medicine for the discovery of gene editing system CRISPR/Cas9, and Cindy Sherman (Cindy Sherman) on the art for the redefinition of the concept taken with the camera art.

Earlier last year the Abel prize was first awarded to a woman, the Lasker award received by the pioneers of b – and T-lymphocytes and the makers of Herceptin, the special prize of the Milner physics noted supergravitation, and the Award Shao gave for “the Voyagers”, the spin glass and the repair of DNA.