Did a restart of one of the largest projects on citizen science Disk Detective, in which anyone can take part in the search for circumstellar or protoplanetary disks around the stars of the milky Way. The results of the project will help to understand the mechanisms governing the formation of planetary systems, reported on the website of the jet propulsion Laboratory of NASA.
Planetary systems like our Solar system, the formation of circumstellar discscomposed of dust, gas and planetesimals and debris rotating around young stars. Themselves circumstellar disks represent a later stage of the evolution of protoplanetary disksobserved around young stellar objects — stars in the earliest stages of his life. Observations of such objects allow you to define the mechanisms that govern the formation of stars and planetary systems around them and to identify the relationship between the properties of disks and planets.
Project Disk Detective launched in January 2014 on the citizen science portal Zooniverse. It is the largest such project supported by NASA, it is run by a team of astronomers led by Steven Silverberg (Silverberg, Steven) from the Massachusetts Institute of technology. His task was the search for disks around newly formed or young stars who pretend to be intense luminescence in the infrared range. Since the beginning of the work the project has already made a significant contribution to science, in particular , was found the oldest known circumstellar disks are a number of unusual discs Peter pan and discovered close to Earth disc orbiting a brown dwarf.
In July 2020, the project was restarted, updated the website and uploaded the new data directory that contains the images of about 150 thousand objects in the milky Way, most of which are red and brown dwarfs. To participate in the project can be anyone with Internet access. To get started you need to register and to get acquainted with the rules. The aim of this work is to analyze images obtained with the space infrared telescope WISE and ground-based surveys Pan-STARRS and 2MASS, they players need to find objects similar to the disks around stars that are not galaxies or nebulae. Then the results of the project are passed on to professional astronomers, at the same time any party may in the future become a co-author of scientific articles written on the results of the data analysis.
Collaboration enthusiasts and professional scientists have repeatedly borne fruit. For example, on account of lovers the discovery of two unique brown dwarfs, card candidates instead of soil sampling on the asteroid Bennu and the discovery of new near-sun comet.